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Verbal and non-verbal reasoning  are taught separately within the Girls' School from Year 4 upwards, following the Bond 11+ schemes of work.

Verbal reasoning

Verbal reasoning requires pupils to recognise patterns and relationships between words and sentences. The main skills required for verbal reasoning are:

  • Synonyms (closest meaning and similar words)
  • Odd ones out (spot the word that does not fit within the group)
  • Combine words (choose two words – one from each group – to create a new word)
  • Antonyms (choose two words which have the opposite meaning)
  • Letter bridges (find one letter which can be used to complete each pair of words)
  • Move letters (remove one letter from the first word and add it to the second word to create two new words)
  • Make connections (choose two words which are linked in some way)
  • Rotating words (change the third word in the list, following the same pattern as the first two)
  • Hidden words (find a four-letter word hidden at the end of one word and the start of another)
  • Letter chains (find the pattern in the sequence of letters)
  • Number chains (find the pattern in the sequence of numbers)
  • Number codes (decipher the code from the letters represented by numbers)
  • Letter codes (decipher the code from the letters)
  • Number puzzles and missing sums (use addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to solve problems)
  • Number connections (find the connection between the two sets of three numbers)

Non-verbal reasoning

Non-verbal reasoning is designed to test how well a pupil can analyse visual information, and solve problems by using visual logic. The main skills required for verbal reasoning are:

  • Similar and different shapes (find the odd one out in a line of five shapes)
  • Identify shapes and patterns (find the similarity between all sets of shapes)
  • Pairing shapes (decipher the link between the given shapes and choose a third linked shape)
  • Sequences (find the rule in the sequence of shapes and choose the next shape)
  • Parts within a shape (find the shape hidden within one of the five larger shapes)
  • Missing shapes from a pattern (choose the shape which fits to complete the pattern)
  • Mirror images (how would the shape look if reflected in a mirror?)
  • Nets and cubes (which cube will the next make when closed?)
  • Codes and shapes (complete the sequence based on the code given to you)
  • Shape logic (two shapes are put together to make one of the shapes underneath)
  • Spatial reasoning (understanding plans and shapes and the relationship or patterns between them)


We recommend the online Bond 11+ tests for extra practice, as they work in line with the schemes of work followed by the school.